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What works to reduce falls?

Falls are often caused by multiple risk factors.  Falls risk factors can vary across different health settings (community, hospital and residential aged care). Different strategies can be put in place in each setting to reduce the risk of falls, based on the risk factors involved.

For more information on the different health settings and guidelines, see:

For a complete list of the evidence and reference documents used to inform the Stay On Your Feet® website and resources, please visit the Evidence and Reference Documents page.

The Stay On Your Feet® program engages with all settings; however, its primary focus is the prevention of falls in older adults in the community setting.

Hospital Setting

The Department of Health Western Australia has developed a falls prevention information website designed for health professionals in WA caring for patients at risk of falling. Included on the website is a page on inpatient falls prevention and information regarding the Best Practice Guidelines for Australian Hospitals.

Other useful falls prevention resources available for health professionals within a hospital setting include:

Residential Aged Care Setting

The Australian Commission for Safety and Quality in Health Care has developed the Preventing Falls and Harm From Falls in Older People: Best Practice Guidelines for Australian Hospitals, Residential Aged Care Facilities and Community Care 2009. Additional useful resources include:

  • The Guidebook for Preventing Falls and Harm From Falls in Older People: Australian Residential Aged Care Facilities 2009;
  • Implementation Guide for Preventing Falls and Harm From Falls in Older People: Best Practice Guidelines for Australian Hospitals and Residential Aged Care Facilities 2009; and
  • Video of a falls prevention training session regarding the development of a falls prevention framework for Bethanie Residential Aged Care.
Falls in Children

For information regarding falls prevention among children, please contact Kidsafe WA.

Apps and Technology

With technological advances, a variety of falls prevention initiatives now include an technological element, including:

  • Trails Making Test (Trails) is a neuropsychological test of visual attention and task switching. It can provide information about visual search speed, scanning, speed of processing, mental flexibility, and executive functioning. It can also detect cognitive impairments such as Alzheimer's Disease and Dementia.
  • Fear of Falling:  Icon-FES
  • iGeriatrics is a Mobile App developed by the American Geriatrics society which includes information on falls.

To learn about specific behaviours that are important to prevent falls, such as completing strength exercises and wearing safe footwear, select a behaviour from the right-hand side menu.

Stay On Your Feet® is provided by Injury Matters and funded by the Western Australian Department of Health.

Find out more
Government of Western Australia Department of Health Injury Matters
Injury Matters acknowledge the Whadjuk Noongar people as the traditional custodians of the land on which we live and work, and recognises Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples continuing connection to land, waters and community across Western Australia.